Writer James D. Hudnall passed away on April 9th. His earliest professional work was Espers for Eclipse Comics in 1986. Hudnall had numerous comic book credits, but I was most familiar with his nearly two year run on Alpha Flight from early 1989 to late 1990. He wrote issues #63 and #67-86.
Alpha Flight is a series that even its creator John Byrne admitted he didn’t really know quite what to do with it. He has been quite vocal about the fact that he only created the Canadian super-hero team to be able to survive a fight with the X-Men. Byrne was genuinely surprised when Alpha Flight became popular enough to receive their own series, and he took on the assignment with a certain reluctance.
Byrne wrote & penciled the first 28 issues of Alpha Flight. He did good work, but by the end he felt he had literally run out on things to do with the characters. After he left, the series somehow managed to last nearly another decade, experiencing a lot of ups & downs.
Byrne’s successor on Alpha Flight was writer Bill Mantlo, who worked with several artists during his three year stint on the series. Mantlo’s run started off showing potential, and a number of the issues from his first couple years were enjoyable. However towards the end things had definitely petered out. At the time, when Hudnall came on in early 1989, it really was a breath of fresh air. Although somewhat uneven, I regard Hudnall’s stint on Alpha Flight as one of the better post-Byrne periods. (Of course, as I always like to say, your mileage may vary.)
Hudnall’s first few issues of Alpha Flight had him wrapping up a some dangling subplots from Bill Mantlo’s run, including bringing to a close the team’s conflict with the Dreamqueen. With that out of the way, with issue #71 Hudnall embarked on a lengthy story arc involving an incredibly powerful, seemingly-unstoppable mystical villain, Llan the Sorcerer.
According to Hudnall the Sorcerer storyline was initially planned to run all the way to issue #100, with Llan as an overarching behind-the-scenes adversary dispatching such villains as the Master of the World and Zeitgeist against the team to distract them while his ambitious master plan came together. However, a lukewarm reception and conflicts with editorial resulted in Hudnall being replaced as writer on the book. This necessitated him giving his story a somewhat quick wrap-up in issue #86, with Doctor Strange being brought in to aid Talisman in defeating Llan.
Hudnall was probably overly ambitious with his plans for Alpha Flight. I don’t know if the Sorcerer storyline really would have had enough substance to it to continue running for another year in order to make it to issue #100. However, I cannot fault Hudnall for attempting to at least try to do something spectacular and long-ranging in a book that had recently been lacking in a solid, interesting direction.
Hudnall explained his plans an interview conducted in the early 2000s by the website AlphaFlight.net:
“I wanted to make the book more in line with Byrne’s vision, which I felt was generally a good one. I liked Byrne’s run except he was kind of unfocused direction-wise. Probably because he was bored. So one of the things I did was try to give Alpha Flight more of a purpose. And try to make them unique in the Marvel Universe, not just by virtue of their nationality. I also wanted to show off Canada, so I did tons of research.”
It had been a number of years since I have read those issues, but from glancing over them again this week I did like how Hudnall worked to develop the character of Talisman. It had been one of Talisman’s predecessors who had fought Llan the Sorcerer when he had last attacked Earth’s dimension 10,000 years earlier. It now fell to the current Talisman, who was fairly young & inexperienced, to lead the battle against this incredibly formidable, cunning foe.
I am not certain exactly how successful Hudnall was in his execution of Talisman’s character development. At times she came across less as focused & determined, and more as bossy & arrogant. But I do appreciate that Hudnall at least attempted to make her the focus of his overall storyline. I think Byrne came up with a fantastic design for the character, and it was nice to see her in the spotlight here.
Another highlight of Hudnall’s run was having former Alpha Flight foe Diamond Lil join the team. Lil had been involved in the events that had led to the death of Alpha’s original leader James Hudson, aka Guardian, which put her at odds with the team’s current leader, the widowed Heather Hudson, aka Vindicator. Complicating matters even further, Lil was the ex-girlfriend of Madison Jeffries, aka Box, who was now engaged to Heather. It was apparent that there was still an attraction between Lil and Madison, and the resulting love triangle was present throughout the background of the Sorcerer storyline.
I also think having Lil join the cast offered an outsider’s perspective on some of the events. It was interesting to see her gradual development from a one-time enemy who was regarded with suspicion to a trusted member of the team. Plus, during the “Acts of Vengeance” crossover we got to see go toe-to-toe with longtime Spider-Man villain the Scorpion, which was cool.
With the benefit of hindsight, Hudnall was doing on Alpha Flight what is now referred to as “writing for the trades,” i.e. writing a lengthy, complex storyline serialized in a monthly series that would later work as a complete novel when collected together in trade paperbacks. I think that if I was to go back and read Hudnall’s entire Alpha Flight run in one go, rather than broken up into monthly installments, it would work much better now.
For the majority of Hudnall’s time on Alpha Flight he was paired with penciler John Calimee. I personally think Calimee was a fairly good, solid artist, albeit one who was not particularly flashy or dynamic. In other words, he got the job done, but perhaps that was not seen as sufficient enough at that point in time, when several red-hot artists were exploding in other Marvel titles. Most of the issues Calimee penciled were inked by Mike Manley, a very talented artist whose work I have always enjoyed.
Other artists who worked on Alpha Flight during this time were Hugh Haynes, the great Filipino illustrator Gerry Talaoc and a fairly young up-and-coming Mark Bagley. The incredibly talented James Sherman turned in one of his all-too-rare rare comic book jobs, providing full artwork for Alpha Flight #73. That issue flashed back to the conflict between the original Talisman and the Sorcerer in prehistoric times.
John Byrne himself unexpectedly returned to the series to draw a couple of covers. Jim Lee, who did some of his earliest work on Alpha Flight, also contributed to a few covers during Hudnall’s run.
Regrettably, except for Haynes, there did not exist a good rapport between the writer and the various artists. Subsequently Hudnall would express his opinion that Calimee in particular had been unable to effectively execute the visuals contained in the plots. Hudnall also experienced a number of disagreements with his editors. Whether all of this was due to Hudnall wanting to remain faithful to his ambitious vision, or an indication that he was a difficult person to collaborate with, is up to the individual to decide.
Whatever the difficulties between Hudnall and his colleagues, as I said before, at the end of the day I personally do think that his run on Alpha Flight was pretty good. Possibly it is my teenage nostalgia talking, but all these years later it remains memorable for me.
As for the artwork by Calimee & Manley, looking at it in 2019 with a fresh perspective, I find that I still like it. Calimee is, as I said, a solid artist who knows how to lay out a page and tell a story. Manley’s inking here provided a polished finish to the pencils. One of his artistic influences was the legendary Al Williamson, and that shows in the inking on these issues.
The lettering on all of these issues was by Janice Chiang. I’ve always liked her work. Looking at these issues for the first time in years, I can immediately identify that it’s her lettering. She’s one of the best letterers in the biz.
In addition to Alpha Flight, Hudnall worked on Strikeforce: Morituri and the graphic novel The Agent for Marvel. Over at DC Comics he wrote the very dark graphic novel Lex Luthor: The Unauthorized Biography. In the 1990s Hudnall worked on Malibu Comics’ well-regarded Ultraverse imprint, writing the series Hardcase and The Solution. With artist Andrew Paquette he created Harsh Realm, a six issue miniseries published by Harris Comics that was later loosely adapted into a short-lived TV series.
About a decade ago Hudnall began writing for the ultra-conservative website Breitbart, and espousing views I found very disagreeable. Nevertheless, despite how I felt about his politics, I was sorry to hear that in the last few years he was experiencing serious health problems. It’s unfortunate that he died at a relatively young age, a day before his 62nd birthday. He leaves behind a small but interesting and imaginative body of work.